Snells clinical anatomy illusrated with Q&A Book

hope you haven’t heard about snells clinical anatomy review book,this book is highly recommended especially for brief studies and revisions.There are various other books HIGHLY RECOMMEND BOOK FOR REVIEW OF ANATOMY.

This can be used for revisions for exams, as it is short as compared to other books of Human anatomy and covers all the important things that are need to pass the exams,Multiple choice questions with answers&explanation will make you more knowledgeable person in anatomy at your stage.


• Spinal nerves are made up of a ventral (motor) root and a dorsal (sensory) root. There are 31 pairs (L & R).
• Cell bodies for sensory nerves are in dorsal root ganglia. Motor nerve cell bodies are in ventral horn of spinal cord.
• Roots exit spinal column via the intervertebral (neural) foramen (under pedicle); (C1-7 exit above their vertebrae,
C8-L5 exit below their vertebrae [C7 exits above and C8 exits below C7 vertebra]).
• They can be compressed by herniated discs, osteophytes, and hypertrophied soft tissues (ligamentum fl avum,
facet capsule). In lumbar spine the traversing nerve is usually affected, and exiting root is not (except in far lateral
• The lumbar and sacral nerves form the cauda equina (“horse’s tail”) in the spinal canal before exiting.
• Spinal nerve divides into dorsal and ventral rami. Dorsal rami innervate local structures (neck and back musculature,
overlying skin, facet capsules, etc). Ventral rami contribute to plexus (e.g., cervical, brachial, lumbosacral) and become
peripheral nerves to the extremities.
• Ventral rami of spinal nerve commonly referred to as a spinal “roots.” The roots combine to form the various plexus.