LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF

LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download

LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download  Oxygen
• A reliable source of oxygen is critical to the practice of anesthesia. Medical grade oxygen is at least 99% pure and is made by fractional distillation of liquefied air. Oxygen may be stored in pressurized gas cylinders or in refrigerated liquid form; to be stored as a liquid, temperature must be kept below the critical tempera- ture of oxygen, −119°C.
• A pressure of 1000 psig inside an oxygen E-cylinder indicates that it is approximately half full and repre- sents 330 L of oxygen at atmospheric pressure and a temperature of 20°C. If the oxygen is exhausted at a rate of 3 L/min, a cylinder that is half full will be empty in 110 min.
LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download  Nitrous Oxide
• Because the critical temperature of nitrous oxide (36.5°C) is above room temperature, it can be kept lique- fied without an elaborate refrigeration system. N2O E-cylinders contain nitrous oxide in both its liquid and gaseous state. Because of this, the volume remaining in a cylinder is not proportional to cylinder pressure. By the time the liquid nitrous oxide is expended and the tank pressure begins to fall, only about 400 L of nitrous oxide remains. The only way to determine the volume of residual N2O inside the cylinder is to weight the cylinder.

LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download  Medical Gas Delivery
• Medical gases are delivered from a central supply to the operating room via piping systems. Pipes are sized such that the pressure drop across the whole system never exceeds 5 psig. Gas pipes are usually constructed of seamless copper tubing using a special welding technique.
• A pin safety system has been widely adopted that discourages incorrect cylinder attachments; each type of gas has a unique configuration of holes that correspond to a set of specific pins in the yoke of the anesthesia machine.
• Modern anesthesia machines are required to monitor the fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2). Analyzers have a variable threshold setting for the minimal FIO2 but should be configured to prevent disabling this alarm. Because of gas exchange, flow rates, and shunting, a marked difference can exist between the monitored FIO2 and O2 levels at the tissue level.

LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download

CONTENTS

1 The Practice of Anesthesiology
2 The Operating Room Environment
3 Breathing Systems
4 The Anesthesia Machine
5 Cardiovascular Monitoring
6 Noncardiovascular Monitoring
7 Pharmacological Principles
8 Inhalation Anesthetics
9 Intravenous Anesthetics
10 Analgesic Agents
11 Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
12 Cholinesterase Inhibitors and Other Pharmacologic Antagonists to Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
13 Anticholinergic Drugs
14 Adrenergic Agonists and Antagonists
15 Hypotensive Agents
16 Local Anesthetics
17 Adjuncts to Anesthesia
18 Preoperative Assessment, Premedication, and Perioperative Documentation
19 Airway Management
20 Cardiovascular Physiology and Anesthesia
21 Anesthesia for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease
22 Anesthesia for Cardiovascular Surgery
23 Respiratory Physiology and Anesthesia
24 Anesthesia for Patients with Respiratory Disease
25 Anesthesia for Thoracic Surgery
26 Neurophysiology and Anesthesia
27 Anesthesia for Neurosurgery
28 Anesthesia for Patients with Neurologic and Psychiatric Diseases
29 Renal Physiology and Anesthesia
30 Anesthesia for Patients with Kidney Disease
31 Anesthesia for Genitourinary Surgery
32 Hepatic Physiology and Anesthesia
33 Anesthesia for Patients with Liver Disease




34 Anesthesia for Patients with Endocrine Disease
35 Anesthesia for Patients with Neuromuscular Disease
36 Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery
37 Anesthesia for Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery
38 Anesthesia for Orthopedic Surgery
39 Anesthesia for Trauma and Emergency Surgery
40 Maternal and Fetal Physiology and Anesthesia
41 Obstetric Anesthesia
42 Pediatric Anesthesia
43 Geriatric Anesthesia
44 Ambulatory, Non–Operating Room, and Office-Based Anesthesia
45 Spinal, Epidural, and Caudal Blocks
46 Peripheral Nerve Blocks
47 Chronic Pain Management
48 Perioperative Pain Management
and Enhanced Outcomes
49 Management of Patients with Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances
50 Acid–Base Management
51 Fluid Management and Blood Component Therapy
52 Thermoregulation, Hypothermia, and Malignant Hyperthermia
53 Nutrition in Perioperative and Critical Care
54 Anesthetic Complications
55 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
56 Postanesthesia Care
57 Critical Care

LANGE Morgan and Mikhail’s Clinical Anesthesiology Flashcards PDF free download