OP Ghai Essentials of Pediatrics book download 8th edition PDF for free
OP Ghai Essentials of Pediatrics book download 8th edition for free PDF The branch of medicine that deals with the care of children and adolescents is pediatrics. This term has roots in the Greek word pedo pais (a child) and iatros (healer). Pediatrics covers the age group less than 18 yr of age. A physician who specializes in health care of children and adolescents is a pediatrician. The goal of the specialty is to enable a child to survive, remain healthy, and attain the highest possible potential of growth, development and intellectual achievement. Child health encompasses approaches, interventions and strategies that preserve, protect, promote and restore health of children at individual and population level.
Children under 15 yr of age comprise about 30% of India’s population. Childhood is the state when the human being is growing and developing. It is time to acquire habits, values and lifestyles that would make children responsible adults and citizens. The family, society and nation are duty bound to make children feel secure, cared for, and protected from exploitation, violence and societal ills. Female children face gender bias in access to healthcare and nutrition. A civilized society nurtures all its children, girls and boys alike, with love, generosity and benevolence.
Child is not a miniature adult. The principles of adult medicine cannot be directly adapted to children. Pediatric biology is unique and risk factors of pediatric disease are distinct. Clinical manifestations of childhood diseases may be different from adults. Indeed, many disorders are unique to children. Drug dosages in children are specific and not a mathematical derivation of the adult doses. Nutrition is a critical necessity for children not only to sustain life, but to ensure their growth and development.
Pediatrics as a Specialty
Pediatrics is a fascinating specialty. It encompasses care of premature neonates on the one hand, and adolescents, on the other. The discipline of pediatrics has branched into well developed superspecialties (such as neonatology, nephrology, pulmonology, infectious disease, critical care,
nod K Paul
OP Ghai Essentials of Pediatrics book download 8th edition for free PDFeurology, hematooncology, endocrinology and cardiology). Pediatrics covers intensive care of neonates and children using the most sophisticated technology, on the one hand, and providing home care to newborns and ch dren, on the other. Child health is thus a state-of-art clinical science as well as a rich public health discipline.
Medical students should possess competencies for the care of healthy and sick children. The agenda of high child mortality due to pneumonia, neonatal infections, preterm birth complications, diarrhea, birth asphyxia and vaccine preventable diseases is still unfinished. The benefits of advancing pediatric specialties must reach all children. Besides, an increasing body of knowledge on pediatric origins of noncommunicable diseases of the adult is set to change the paradigm of child health. Primary prevention, identification of early markers and timely treatment of adult disorders are the emerging imperatives in pediatrics.
OP Ghai Essentials of Pediatrics book download 8th edition for free PDF Medical care of children finds place in the ancient Indian, Greek and Chinese systems of health. But as a formal discipline, pediatrics took root in Europe and the US in the 19th century when some of the famous children hospitals were established. BJ Hospital for Children, Mumbai was the first child hospital to be established in India in 1928. Postgraduate diploma in pediatrics was started there in 1944; postgraduate degree programs began in the fifties. Pediatrics became an independent subject in MBBS course in mid-nineties. The first DM program in neonatology started in 1989 at PGIMER, Chandigarh and in pediatric neurology at AIIMS in 2004.