HIGH-YIELDING ONE LINERS for your FMGE,NEET-PG exam preparations PDF

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HIGH-YIELDING ONE LINERS for your FMGE,NEET-PG exam preparations PDF

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HIGH-YIELDING ONE LINERS for your FMGE,NEET-PG exam preparations PDF Subepithelial Humps are seen in Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis • Linear Subendothelial are seen in Goodpasture’s (Type II)
• Mesangial Deposits are seen in IgA Nephropathy
• Spike and Dome are seen in Membranous
• Subendothelial Humps are seen in Membranoproliferative
• Azithromycin – administered to HIV + patients can prevent Mycobacterium Avium
• Ethambutol – inhibits arabinosyl transferase which polymerizes arabinose into arabinan etc. SideEffects à Optic Neuritis
• Rifampin – inhibits bacterial DNA dependent RNA polymerase and thus prevents transcription of DNA into mRNA.
• Isoniazid – inhibits mycolic acid synthesis.
• FF = GFR/RPF GFR = Creatinine Clearance/Inulin
• RPF = PAH
• Fibroadenoma – cellular myxoidstroma, sometimes there are compressed cystic spaces.
• Spongiosis – epidermal accumulation of edematous fluid in the intercellular spaces.
• Diphenoxylate – opiate anti-diarrheal structurally related to Meperidine.
• Octreotide – good for secretory diarrhea, which is a Somatostatin Analog
• Urease – converts urea to carbondioxide and ammonia and thus increases pH
• Radiation Therapy – causes 1) DNA double strand breakage 2)formation of free radical
• Methadone – has a long half life
• In Fetal Lungs – after 30 weeks there is an increase in Lecithin
• After 36 weeks there is a rise in Phosphatydylglycerol
• Males with 5 α reductase deficiency – feminized external genitalia, small phallus and Hypospadias are common.
• Repair Damage – Glycosylase ÃEndonuclease à Lyase à DNA Polymerase à Ligase • H. Pylori – most common cause of duodenal ulcers
• CMV in immunocompromised –Mononucleosis
• Retinitis in CMV – HIV+ Patients
• Primary CNS Lymphoma – most commonly associated with AIDS
• Squamous Cell Lung Cancer –produces Parathyroid Hormone Related Peptide, which in turn will decrease PTH
• Campylobacter – can be transmitted from domestic animals
• Shigella – is transmitted via fecal oral in day care centers
• Keratin – marker of epithelial cell origin.
• Secretin – produced by endocrine cells in the duodenum,that increases bicarbonate secretion from exocrine pancreas into the small bowel.
• Alprazolam – benzodiazepine with the shortest half life, which is used in Acute Anxiety.
• Diazepam, Chlordiazepoxide and Clonazepam – longest half life, used in prophylaxis. • Sheets of Primitive Cells with Many Mitotic Figures –Medulloblastoma
• Most Common Tumors in Children:

•HIGH-YIELDING ONE LINERS for your FMGE,NEET-PG exam preparations PDF  Pilocytic Astrocytoma – Rosenthal Fibers
• Medulloblastoma- sheets of small blue cells, many mitotic figures
• Ependyoma – can cause Hydrocephalus and form Rosettes
• Orthostatic Hypotension – side effects of α adrenergic blockers.
• AML – has associations with t(15,17), t(8,21) and Auer Rods are stained with Myeloperoxidase.
• CLL – deletion on Chromosome 13
• Mantle Cell B Lymphoma – t(11,14)
• Dobutamine – causes increase in cardiac contractility and increase in Heart Rate
• Tumors of Schwann Cells – are derived from neural Crest Cells.
• Patients with CGD – susceptible to 1) Staph Aureus 2) Pseudomonas 3)Serratia Nocardia 5) Aspergillus
• Rosenthal Fibers – with granular eosinophilic bodies are seen in Pilocytic Astrocytoma. They are well differentiated comprised of spindle cells with hair like glial projections
• Atropine – reverses muscarinic effects but does not prevent the development of nicotinic effects such as muscle paralysis
• Pralidoxime – reverses both muscarinic and nicotinic effects of organophosphates by “restoring”cholinesterase.
• Calcium – binds to Troponin C and then uncovers tropomyosin sites,thus allowing actin to bind to myosin.
• S 3 Heart Sound – can be heard if the patient lies down in Left Lateral Decubitus Position or Exhale Completely
• RBF = Renal Plasma Flow/ (1-Hematocrit)
• In Metabolic Alkalosis – measure patient’s Urinary Chloride

HIGH-YIELDING ONE LINERS for your FMGE,NEET-PG exam preparations PDF