BIOPSY INTERPRETATION SERIES
BIOPSY INTERPRETATION:
THE FROZEN SECTION Ebook PDF download

BIOPSY INTERPRETATION SERIES BIOPSY INTERPRETATION:  THE FROZEN SECTION Ebook PDF download

 

BIOPSY INTERPRETATION SERIES
BIOPSY INTERPRETATION: THE FROZEN SECTION ebook PDF download Surgical pathology including the practice of frozen section was conceived
and developed by surgeons. However, the very first frozen section was ac-
complished by a pathologist. In 1891, at the newly established Johns Hop-
kins Hospital, William S. Halsted, the surgeon, requested a frozen section
on a breast tumor. The procedure was carried out by the pathologist
William H. Welch. The procedure went so well that Halsted did not re-
quest another frozen for 25 years. Nonetheless, over the last almost
120 years, frozen section has evolved from a novelty to an accepted, even
mundane, part of the practice of what we now recognize as surgical
pathology.

Whilethe advent of laparoscopic, robotic, and microsurgical
techniques has changed the utilization of frozen section and the nature of
the questions asked, the essentials are the same: a freezing apparatus to
harden tissue, a microtome to shave off thin slices, a staining set-up, a mi-
croscope, and a pathologist.
While the general public may be unaware of the active role of the
pathologist in the conduct of surgery, intraoperative consultations includ-
ing frozen section are a mainstay of 21st century patient care and an in-
separable aspect of any pathology training program. These consultations
take several forms, including the triage of fresh tissue for special studies,
gross specimen examination, imprints, or the actual appearance in the op-
erating room by the pathologist to view the operative field and speak di-
rectly to the surgeon.

Frozen section, despite its associated artifacts and
potential sampling error, is regarded as the most definitive form of con-
sultation, since it involves the microscopic examination of tissue desig-
nated by the surgeon as important. The consequences of these consulta-
tions, and especially frozen section, are potentially dramatic. It is essential
that the pathologist know the clinical setting and gross findings as well as
the treatment algorithm for a given diseasBIOPSY INTERPRETATION SERIES BIOPSY INTERPRETATION: THE FROZEN SECTION Ebook PDF download

BIOPSY INTERPRETATION SERIES BIOPSY INTERPRETATION: THE FROZEN SECTION Ebook PDF download