Fundamentals of the Study of Urine and Body Fluids Ebook PDF download
Fundamentals of the Study of Urine and Body Fluids Ebook PDF download Urine is undoubtedly the most common and most effective body fluid other than blood that is frequently analyzed to determine the health or disease state that may exist in an individual patient or a group. Other body fluids are tested for the presence or absence of similar constituents to those found in the urine and blood, but at differing levels normally. When other body fluids are tested, the symptoms and signs related to specific body fluids require more detailed clinical information. During annual physical exams, urine as well as blood is tested as an overall estimation of the general health of an individual. Body fluids other than urine and blood, the most prevalent in specimens that are analyzed routinely are analyzed for specific values related to disease that would be manifested by abnormal results found in a specific anatomic site of the human body.
For instance, it would be unwise and impracticable to collect a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for a routine examination in the absence of clinical signs and symptoms of a neurological condition. The urine sample is an invaluable screening tool that yields evidence of a considerable number of clinical conditions not only for diseases of the kidney or other areas of the urinary system and includes vast numbers of metabolic diseases related to other organ systems. The following chapters will provide more specific information as to the value of a complete urinalysis and follow up measures that might be required in the assessment of health of the patient.
The relationship to the clinical f indings of abnormalities in urine and interrelated findings from other body fluids are discussed with specific pathological conditions of the patient.