OXFORD NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT Fifth Edition Muriel Deutsch Lezak Ebook PDF download
OXFORD NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT Fifth Edition Muriel Deutsch Lezak Ebook PDF download Clinical neuropsychology is an applied science concerned with the behavioral expression of brain dysfunction. It owes its primordial—and often fanciful concepts to those who, since earliest historic times, puzzled about what made people do what they did and how. These were the philosophers, physicians, scientists, artists, tinkerers, and dreamers who first called attention to what seemed to be linkages between body—not necessarily brain—structures and people’s common responses to common situations as well as their behavioral anomalies (Castro-Caldas and Grafman, 2000; Finger, 1994, 2000; C.G. Gross,1998; L.H. Marshall and Magoun, 1998).
In the 19th century the idea of
controlled observations became generally accepted, thus providing the
conceptual tool with which the first generation of neuroscientists laid out the
basic schema of brain-behavior relationships that hold today (Benton, 2000;
Boring, 1950; M. Critchley and Critchley, 1998; Hécaen et Lanteri-Laura, 1977;
N.J. Wade and Brozek, 2001).
In the first half of the 20th century, war-damaged brains gave the chief
impetus to the development of clinical neuropsychology. The need for screening
and diagnosis of brain injured and behaviorally disturbed servicemen during the first World War and for their rehabilitation afterwards created large-scale demands for neuropsychology programs (e.g., K. Goldstein, 1995 ;
Homskaya, 2001; see references in Luria, 1973b; Poppelreuter, 1990 ;
W.R. Russell [see references in Newcombe, 1969]). The second World War and then the wars in east Asia and the Mideast promoted the development of many talented neuropsychologists and of increasingly sophisticated examination and treatment techniques.
While clinical neuropsychology can trace its lineage directly to the clinical
neurosciences, psychology contributed the two other domains of knowledge and
skill that are integral to the scientific discipline and clinical practices of