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Pediatric Urogenital Radiology Diagnostic Imaging Third Edition Ebook PDF download

Pediatric Urogenital Radiology Diagnostic Imaging Third Edition Ebook PDF download

Pediatric Urogenital  Radiology Third Edition

Pediatric Urogenital Radiology Diagnostic Imaging Third Edition Ebook PDF download In the introduction of his course on Pediatric  Uroradiology at Harvard Medical School, Prof.  Robert L. Lebowitz cited the following sentence  by LL. Weed: “Just as important as doing the  thing right is doing the right thing”. This is an  excellent introduction to this chapter.

Imaging of the urinary tract is among the
most commonly requested examinations in paediatric radiology practice. In children, the  lack of specificity of abdominal symptoms and
the high prevalence of renal and urinary tract  disease justify the high volume of these requests.

Recent technological advances have significantly improved the diagnostic capabilities of  existing imaging modalities and have further  introduced advanced imaging applications in  routine clinical practice, maximising the diagnostic yield. From a radiologists’ perspective, it  is important to know the clinical indications for  the requested examination and what the referring  physician expects of its results, so that the appropriate examination will be undertaken. Direct  communication with the referring physician is  always recommended, especially if there is any  discrepancy between the examination request  form, the medical records and the parents/children’s interview.

This chapter aims to give a comprehensive  overview of the diagnostic imaging procedures  most commonly used for evaluation of the paediatric urinary tract. We hope it will provide the background for understanding the indica-ions and the strategies on how to perform  properly each examination and refresh some  basic understanding of the anatomy as necessary for properly performing and reading these .studies. X-ray procedures, conventional ultrasound and advanced ultrasound applications (e.g. Doppler techniques, extended field of  view, harmonic imaging, contrast-enhanced
ultrasound, sono-elastography) as well as computed tomography are described. Intravenous  urography will only be mentioned briefly, as it  has largely been replaced by magnetic reso- nance urography and is less frequently per-
formed in children today, though in some,
particularly low resource settings

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