Neurotoxins and Fillers in Facial Esthetic Surgery

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Neurotoxins and Fillers in Facial Esthetic Surgery

Neurotoxins and Fillers in  Facial Esthetic Surgery

This Book is  helps you to know the Comprehensive understanding of facial
anatomy is a critical component of any
facial esthetic procedure. A comprehen-
sive review of facial anatomy is beyond the
scope of this text, and this chapter will
focus on regional anatomy as it pertains to
minimally invasive rejuvenation. All aging
changes manifest in different ways for each  individual patient, thus an understanding  of the changes pertinent for the individual  must be understood when considering  patient evaluation, planning, and treatment.

Incorporating the anatomic effects
of aging into the treatment plan will allow
the treating provider to target the specific
areas to reverse those signs of aging.

Neurotoxins and Fillers in Facial Esthetic Surgery

The face has a layered structure that is best described from superficial to deep and includes the following: skin, subcutaneous fat, superficial musculo‐aponeurotic system (SMAS), deep fat, and deep fascia/periosteum. This architecture is preserved throughout the head and neck, with some areas further subdivided into fascial or fat compartments that will be addressed individually.

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These different compartments
and layers may carry different names
as  they cross anatomic barriers making
nomenclature difficult. A special section
of the chapter will focus on these terms
and clarify some key relationships.

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